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Folk games

[ English ]

Country :
Uzbekistan
ICH Domain :
Performing Arts
Location :
All over the country
Year of Designation :
2015
Description :
Games are those forms of individual or team competition, played to a decision according to agreed upon rules. They are voluntary and nonproductive and are played outside everyday reality, in their own territories by their own characters.
Uzbek folk games, in terms of features, prevalent in them, are classified as follows:
• Hunting games (Gang, Jambil, Lappak, Oshiq, Khappak, Chirgizak)
• Shepherds' games (Tuptosh, Kotarma tosh, Echki oyin, Chopon va shoqol, Qadama tayoq, Chillik, Podachi, Chanta, Chuv-chuv, etc.)
• Games associated with crafts (Dandarak, Charkhpalak, Besh barmoq, Paqilloq, Lanka, Chighiriq, Uzuk soldi, Varrak, Sartarosh, Koz boghlar, etc.)
• Games associated with agriculture (Palakhmon, Jon burgam, Somon sepdi, Chanoq oyin, Shaftoli shaker, Qoriqchi, etc.)
• Imitation games (Khola-khola, Topaloq, Kim oladi-yo, Ayiq oyin, Khoroz urushtirish, Oqsoq turna, Bosari, Asalari, Ghozlar, etc.)
• Action games (Chunka shuvoq, Chim otish, Kim tex, Hurkach, Tufaloq, Chori chambar, Mushuk-sichqon, Yoghoch oyoq, Durra olish, Khalinchak, etc.)
• Word games (Kim chaqqon, Bolkon-bolkon, Botmon-botmon, Juftmi-toq, Oq quyonim alomat, Oq terakmi, kok terak, Pirr etdi, etc.)
• Games played during get-togethers (Gap-gashtak, Topik oyin, Podsho-vazir, Podsho-oghri, Arshi alo, etc.)
• Folk wrestling and the games associated with it (Milliy kurash, Polvonbozlik, Yelkada kurash, Bel olish kurashi, etc.)
• Riders' games (Chavgon, Uloq-kopkari, Piyoda poyga, Oltin qoboq, Shoghuloq, Qiz quvish, Eshak mindi, etc.)
Meaning :
Folk games have always fulfilled educational function in all societies. Thanks to them it is possible to develop an individual physically and mentally. And as a rule, folk games are open to anyone, and as such, they are considered the most democratic type of education. In children's folk games it is possible to observe existence of humor, jokes and competitive fervor. The movements oftentimes are accompanied by sudden and joyful moments, alluring and interesting counting rhymes, nursery rhymes and draws. All these have their artistic charm and aesthetic value, and as such, represent invaluable and inimitable folklore. They determine the whole course of the game, regulate actions and behaviors of participants, their mutual relations, help in nurturing their will and character. They also stimulate active thinking, promote broadening of the mind, ensure clarification of ideas about surrounding world and help in improving all mental processes. Folk games are an integral part of the culture of the Uzbekistan people. Long ago, during the main holidays, weddings, festivities, people had fun, entertained, arranged competitions in strength, agility, speed, savvy. And today, folk games in Uzbekistan are not forgotten, but even experience a second birth. Some of them as wrestling kurash, ulak-kupkari reached the world level, as separate sports.
Transmission method :
Playing folk games are decreasing and these games are only played in mahalla (communities) by young people.
Communities :
Population of Uzbekistan, mainly young people
Information source :
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Republican Scientific-Methodical Center for Organization of Culture Institutions Activity