6. Traditional Knowledge of Water Management in Korea through Two Types of Irrigation Facilities
Manage No DI00001335 Country Republic of Korea Author Jeong Myeongcheol (Senior Researcher, Ph.D., National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) Published Year 2022 Language English Copyright Attach File Preview (ENG)
|Water management has long been the most necessary agricultural activity for Korean farmers, who typically make their living through rice cultivation. This is why if rain is scarce or water management is wrong, it can ruin farming for the year and farmers will struggle to provide for themselves and their families. Whether the practices are traditional or modern, agriculture is fundamentally dependent on nature. Therefore, people prayed for rain to the gods who they believed were in the sky or the sea to prevent drought in rites that were common in Korea. While they still rely on nature, farmers have always sought to increase their resilience in the face of natural disasters by continuously innovating with irrigation solutions suitable for the local environment. This chapter introduces two types of irrigation facilities that are typical examples of the water-management system in rice-farming areas from the perspective of traditional knowledge.